Desroches BR, Zhang P, Choi BR, King ME, Maldonado AE, Li W, Rago A, Liu G, Nath N, Hartmann KM, Yang B, Koren G, Morgan JR, Mende U.
Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2012 May 15;302(10):H2031-42.
Cardiovascular Research Center, Cardiology Division, Rhode Island Hospital, Providence, RI 02903, USA.
To bridge the gap between two-dimensional cell culture and tissue, various three-dimensional (3-D) cell culture approaches have been developed for the investigation of cardiac myocytes (CMs) and cardiac fibroblasts (CFs). However, several limitations still exist. This study was designed to develop a cardiac 3-D culture model with a scaffold-free technology that can easily and inexpensively generate large numbers of microtissues with cellular distribution and functional behavior similar to cardiac tissue. Using micromolded nonadhesive agarose hydrogels containing 822 concave recesses (800 um deep × 400 um wide), we demonstrated that neonatal rat ventricular CMs and CFs alone or in combination self-assembled into viable (Live/Dead stain) spherical-shaped microtissues. Importantly, when seeded simultaneously or sequentially, CMs and CFs self-sorted to be interspersed, reminiscent of their myocardial distribution, as shown by cell type-specific CellTracker or antibody labeling.
3D Petri Dishes™ used in this paper (please click catalog numbers for detailed product descriptions):
Catalog # 12-256, and others are the MicroTissues, Inc products are used in this paper.